Longman & Broderip in London ca.1789
5 octaves - FF-f'''
English double action
3 Hand Stops for divided dampers lift and buff stop
If Germany, my beloved fatherland, of whom you know I am proud, will not accept me, then must I, in the name of God, again make France or England richer by one capable German; — and to the shame of the German nation.
WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, letter to Leopold Mozart, Aug. 17, 1782
Cheapside is the former site of one of
the principal produce markets in London,
cheap, broadly meaning "market" in
medieval English. Many of the streets
feeding into the main thoroughfare are
named after the produce that was once
sold in those areas of the market,
including Honey Lane, Milk Street,
Bread Street and Poultry.
In medieval times, the royal
processional route from the Tower of
London to the Palace of Westminster
would include Cheapside. During state
occasions such as the first entry of
Margaret of France (second wife of King
Edward I), into London in September 1299,
the conduits of Cheapside customarily
flowed with wine.
During the reign of Edward III in the 14th century, tournaments were held in adjacent fields. The dangers were, however, not limited to the participants: a wooden stand built to accommodate Queen Philippa and her companions collapsed during a tournament to celebrate the birth of the Black Prince in 1330. No one died, but the King was greatly displeased, and the stand's builders would have been put to death but for the Queen's intercession.
On the day preceding her coronation, in January 1559, Elizabeth I passed through a number of London streets in a pre-coronation procession and was entertained by a number of pageants, including one in Cheapside.
Meat was brought in to Cheapside from Smithfield market, just outside Newgate. After the great Church of St. Michael-le-Querne, the top end of the street broadened into a dual carriageway known as the Shambles (referring to an open-air slaughterhouse and meat market), with butcher shops on both sides and a dividing central area also containing butchers. Further down, on the right, was Goldsmiths Row, an area of commodity dealers. From the 14th century to the Great Fire, the eastern end of Cheapside was the location of the Great Conduit.
Charles Dickens, Jr. wrote in his 1879 book Dickens's Dictionary of London:
"Cheapside remains now what it was five centuries ago, the greatest thoroughfare in the City of London. Other localities have had their day, have risen, become fashionable, and have sunk into obscurity and neglect, but Cheapside has maintained its place, and may boast of being the busiest thoroughfare in the world, with the sole exception perhaps of London-bridge."
A view of Cheapside published in 1837.
Cheapside street in London
Cheapside in 1823, looking west towardsSt Paul's Cathedral