Joseph Carl Fuchs (1789-1832)  Physharmonica ca.1830

 

Unlike the small travel physharmonica in property of Clara Schumann, this one has a full range of 6 octaves and is a practical instrument.

Carl Fuchs Physharmonica.jpg
Carl Fuchs Physharmonica.jpg

The Physharmonica is from the estate of Friedrich Wieck. (now in Schumann museum in Leipzig)

 

It was built in Vienna around 1825. Clara Wieck received a similar Physharmonica, built by Joseph Carl Fuchs (1789-1832) on the 10th of March 1828 as an improvisation and travel instrument. This was a forerunner of the later Harmonium. The wind is generated by the left pedal; the volume can be reduced during playing by opening a wind-release vent with the right pedal. A brass knob on the left side of the keyboard provides the same function. Marie Wieck sold the instrument to the Schumann collector Alfred Wiede in Weißenborn; he then made a gift of it to the Zwickau Schumann Museum on the 21st of April 1917.